Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of idiopathic conditions characterized by chronic gastrointestinal (GI) tract inflammation.1 The most common subtypes are Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).2
IBD affects millions of people worldwide.
IBD can be managed through several options, including therapeutic, dietary, and surgical.
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Stedman’s Medical Dictionary. 27th ed. New York, NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000.
Idiopathic: denoting a disease of unknown cause22
Ileum: the third and longest portion of the small intestine, about 12 feet in length in humans22
Transmural: through any wall, as of the body or of a cyst or of any hollow structure22
Perianal: surrounding the anus22
Stricture: a circumscribed narrowing or stenosis of a hollow structure22
Perforation: abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus22
Fistula: an abnormal passage from one epithelial surface to another epithelial surface22
Abscess: a circumscribed collection of purulent exudate frequently associated with swelling and other signs of inflammation22
Colorectal: relating to the colon and rectum, or to the entire large bowel22
Colon: the division of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum22
Rectum: the terminal portion of the digestive tube, extending from the rectosigmoid junction to the anal canal22
Toxic megacolon: acute, nonobstructive dilation of the colon, seen in fulminating ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease22